What Is A Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy may be a life saving procedure that can detect cancer. Even though not everyone look forward for this procedure, still it is an easy and effective way to prevent colon cancer before the point that they’re deadly. By being able to know the things to expect from it, it can help in alleviating concerns you might have prior to going into the process.
At the age of 50, both men and women have to consider undergoing the procedure. It needs to be repeated once every 5 to 10 years until they are 75 years old. And depending on doctor’s findings, it can be crucial to have such procedure done. Those who have immediate relative who’s been diagnosed with polyps or colon cancer before reaching 60 must start screening at the age of 40. Anyone who has disorder that might predispose them to cancer risk like ulcerative colitis might need to undergo colonoscopy at earlier age, which is determined by a physician.
Before you start with anything, only clear liquids and foods have to be consumed which includes broth, water, tea, clear juices, gelatin and coffee without cream and never consume anything that’s purple, blue or red. The doctor might require the patient as well to stop taking some medications for a set period of time prior to the procedure. It might be necessary as well to take antibiotics.
In order to get a better view of the colon, having a bowel preparation has to be done. Most of the time, this starts on the day before and include anything such as laxative pill that’s to be taken with enough fluids, prepared laxative solution that may be mixed with a sports drink or electrolyte solution and enema that is washing out the colon.
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Always make sure to complete the preparation as what instructed by your physician. There’s a chance that the doctor will not be able to see clearly through your colon if this is not done according to specifications.
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To do the procedure, the patient has to be sedated through the use of an anesthesia. If ever there are things that the doctor found concerning, he/she will remove it. A biopsy can also be taken for an examination and the procedure can last from anywhere to 20 to 60 minutes. The patient afterwards will take a rest for at least an hour as the sedation wears off. The patient should have someone who is going to drive him/her home as the sedation medication is going to make them feel drowsy. Expect as well to feel minimal cramps and discomfort.