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History of Machu Picchu | Active Adventures

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Archaeological evidence uncovered about the site suggests that the place was first used for agricultural purposes back again in 760 B.C.

The war of Vilcambamba Pachacutec in 1440 established the first settlement at the site. It was known as the Tahuantinsuyo Empire which was later followed by the development of the government of Manco Capac.

It is considered that Machu Picchu was first inhabited by 300-a thousand inhabitants, who were of the highest class or “Llactas”.

The valleys about these locations were vital for their agricultural contribution, however after death of the Emperor Pachacutec, it shed its relevance, with the institution of new sites like Ollaytantambo and Vilcambamba. The building of these new sites by his successors, in much more available terrain manufactured Machu Picchu less attractive.

From 1527 to 1532, two brothers Huáscar and Atahualpa fought against every other in a civil war over the Inca Empire. Their father, Inca Huayna Capac experienced presented every brother a segment of the empire to manage, just one in Huáscar in Cuzco and Atahualpa in Quito. When Huayna Capac and his heir, Ninan Cuyuchi, died somewhere amongst 1525 and 1527, the two brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar went to war around who ought to rule.  The populace who experienced appear to live in the Machu Picchu place from rural or distant locations remaining just after the war finished to return to the place they arrived from. Afterwards a further brother, Manco Inca was sent into exile in Vilcambamba, and Machu Picchu was deserted.

Antonio Raimondi was an Italian geographer and scientist from Milan who visited Machu Picchu in 1851. In 1867 Augusto Berns arrived to mine the site.

Hiram Bingham re-uncovered the ruins in 1911. He documented and publicised his “discovery”.

hiram bingham

Hiram Bingham (impression courtesy of time.com)


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